Nasturtium Seeds - Empress of India
(Tropaeolum majus) Annual. 55-65 days to maturity.
Empress of India Nasturtiums are a lovely addition to edible gardens! Their scarlet red blooms and dark green contrasting leaves are truly stunning. All parts of this plant are edible. Empress of India flowers will stand out in your salads this summer with scarlet red colour and a peppery punch, enjoy! Also, try pickling their seed pods as a caper alternative.
Growth Habit: Sprawling, but not vining. Can fill-out at 1 ½ feet tall. Continuous 1-1 ½” blooms
Sun Requirements: Full sun, part shade
Soil Preference: Well drained, average soil. Too much nitrogen encourages leaves, not flowers. Keep moist during dry weather.
When to Plant: Direct seed two weeks before last frost OR start indoors 4-5 weeks before last frost date.
How to Plant:
Direct sow: Sow seeds ½-1“ deep. Cover well with soil as Nasturtium seed needs darkness to germinate. They will germinate in 7-10 days. Thin young plants to 8-12” apart.
Transplant: Sow seeds indoors in individual pots or divided trays. Plant two seeds ½-1” deep. Cover well with soil as Nasturtium seed needs darkness to germinate. They will germinate in 6-14 days. Thin to one plant per pot or cell. Move young plants to bright light until ready to transplant. Harden off before transplanting after last Spring frost.
When to Harvest: Harvest Nasturtium flowers as they open through Summer and Fall. Nasturtiums will not tolerate frost.
How to Harvest: Harvest flowers when fully open. Harvest flowers often to encourage more blooms. Nasturtium flowers and leaves are edible.
Uses: Grind nasturtium flowers into a spicy pesto, use young leaves in salads and cooking or even pickle the green seed pods to replace capers with a homegrown alternative.
-----------------------------------Available direct from Incredible Seeds, a Canadian Heirloom and Heritage Seed Company, offering only the best natural, non-GMO, open pollinated and untreated seeds, located in Mi'kma'ki / Nova Scotia.